EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT CYSTIC ACNE
Cystic acne is characterized by the appearance of red, puss-filled bumps on the face.
The infected area feels painful and itchy, and every time a cyst bursts, the infection spreads, resulting in more breakouts.
In addition to the face, this skin condition may also affect your chest, shoulders, upper arms and back.
– What is the Cause of Cystic Acne?
You are most likely to develop this condition in your teens or early twenties.
Although its exact cause is not found, evidence suggests that androgens, a group of hormones causing acne and clogged pores, may be responsible.
In women, cystic acne is promoted by sudden hormonal changes caused by menopause, pregnancy, or a condition known as polycystic ovary syndrome.
What are the Treatment Options?
Unfortunately, over-the-counter medicines that work on the less-intense forms of acne have little or no effect on cystic acne.
You need to visit a dermatologist before the infection spreads too much. He will most likely recommend one or more of the following:
1. Oral antibiotics control the bacterial growth, but sometimes the inflammation does not respond to antibiotics or the medication becomes ineffective after some years.
2. Isotretinoin, previously called Accutane, is known to attack all causes of acne.
You may need to take it in the form of pills for about five months for a clear skin
If the cysts reappear, the treatment can be repeated. However, women should avoid pregnancy while using this medication.
3. Some dermatologists may prescribe Spironolactone, a known hormone blocker which also removes unneeded water.
4. Sometimes, a Cortisone shot injected into the infected site can help. This steroid reduces the inflammation beneath the skin and shrinks the swelling around the infection. It gives results in about six hours.
What Precautions Should You Take to Avoid Cystic Acne?
1. Follow a healthy lifestyle with ample exercise and sleep.
Your diet should be free from excess sugars and oils.
2. It is important to lead a stress-free life as your body releases Cortisol under pressure which in turn stimulates your skin’s oil glands.
3. Never pick at the zits no matter ho painful and itchy they are.
Picking pushes the infection deeper into the skin and causes permanent scarring.
4. Heavy moisturizers applied on a dirty skin can trap oil and dirt in facial pores.
So, make sure that you thoroughly exfoliate the skin before applying a moisturizer.
In order to promote the healthy growth of skin cells, some physicians suggest gentle exfoliants such as salicylic acid, glycolic acid, scrubs and enzymes.
Please note that the above medications should be tried under the supervision of a physician, preferably a dermatologist.