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Polio adversely affects the spinal cord and the nervous system.
It can lead to paralysis and muscle weakness.
The fact that polio can paralyze the body muscles that help you to breathe makes it a life threatening condition if not vaccinated against.
Polio vaccine helps to prevent this condition in both adults and children above the age of 6 weeks.
It works by exposing the patient to the virus making the body to develop immunity to the virus.
However, polio vaccine does not treat an active polio infection that is already developed in the body.
You should not receive polio vaccination if:
· You have ever received a life threatening reaction to vaccination that contains inactivated or polio virus,
· You are allergic to polymyxin B, streptomycin, neomycin, formaldehyde or 2-phenoxyethanol,
· you have severe or moderate fever illnesses
Also, do not receive the booster polio vaccine if you had a threatening reaction after the first shot.
To ensure that polio vaccine is safe for you inform the doctor if:
· Your immune system is weak due to a bone marrow transplant, cancer treatment or due to using certain medicines.
· You have a history of Guillain Barr syndrome
The side effects of polio vaccine
Just like most other vaccines, polio vaccine has side effects some of which are mild while other are severe and require emergency medical attention.
You should keep track of all the side effects that you may experience after receiving this vaccination.
Also, if you are receiving a booster dose, inform the doctor of any side effects that you may have experienced after the first shot.
If you experience any of the following allergic reaction get immediate medical help:
· Difficulty in breathing
· Swelling of the throat, tongue, lips or the entire face
· Frequent fainting
· Extreme drowsiness
· A high fever within a few hours after receiving the vaccination
· Seizure, convulsions or black out
The following are mild side effects of polio vaccinations that do not require emergency medication but you should inform the doctor if they persist:
· Body aches after the vaccination
· Joint pains
· Low fever
· Pain, redness or a lump at the point where the shot was given
· Mild fussiness or drowsiness
Being infected with the polio virus is more dangerous than dealing than receiving the vaccination to protect you against the virus.
The side effects of the vaccinations should not be a major concern as their effects are lower and they can be cured.